Navigation is the ability find your way around. That is, learning how to get from one place to another.

How do you find your way around a town?

For example, if I want to go from my house to work, I need to take the most appropriate route.

To work out how to get there, I need to look at a map or ask someone to show me the way. I then need to remember the route so that I can get from my house to work by myself next time.

To remember a route, first, I need to remember the important places or objects on the route, particularly those that are easy to identify. For example, do I go past any shops like a bakery or a chemist? Is there a school or a bank on the way? We call these objects and places landmarks.

I can then break down the route. If I know that there is a bakery and a chemist on my route, I first need to learn how to get from my house to the bakery. Then from the bakery to the chemist, and finally from the chemist to work.

Have a look at the example in the video

Once I’ve learnt the route, I then need to learn how to do it in the opposite direction, so that I can get home on my own.

What if I can’t use my usual route? For example, if the route that I know is blocked by road works? If the route is blocked, I need to be able to find a different route to work. To do this, I need to know how the different places along the route fit together. If I’m not sure, I can ask someone.